oxford scale physiotherapy



Oxford Scale

5 = Normal (100%) Complete ROM against gravity with maximal resistance

4 = Good (75%) Complete ROM against gravity with moderate resistance

3+ = Fair +        Complete ROM against gravity with minimal resistance

3 = Fair (50%)   Complete ROM against gravity

3 - = Fair -         Some but not complete ROM against gravity

2 + =   Poor +    Initiates movement against gravity


2 =  Poor         Poor (25%) Complete ROM with gravity counter-balanced

2 - =  Poor -    Initiates motion IF gravity is counter-balanced

1 =   Trace      Flicker of contraction but not joint movement

0 =    Nothing    No contraction palpated

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